A Comparative Study of Ideational Grammatical Metaphor in Health and Political Texts of English Newspapers

ELT Prima ISSN: 2338-7548, Volume 01 No. 01

Sabtu, 09 Januari 2021 10:41 | Sudah dibaca 281 kali

Newspapers, as their name suggests, provide us with news. With the spread of education, the popularity and importance of newspapers have increased by leaps and bounds. Everybody today wants to read a newspaper. The language of mainstream newspapers is formal and special English so, there is no surprise that the grammatical metaphor identification procedure can be obviously applied to newspaper text. Systemic functional grammar constructs a grammar for the purpose of text analysis to investigate how grammar is used as a means of making meaning. Grammatical metaphor is one of the language phenomena introduced by Halliday (2004) in the framework of functional grammar. The present work focuses on the application of Hallidayian metafunctional framework in both political and health texts of English newspapers. The analysis of data was conducted through a description of English newspapers texts, based on ideational grammatical metaphor. To this end, the researcher conducted some statistics to this strand of meaning, including frequency and percentage of nominalization type of ideational grammatical metaphor in both genres. Finally, two genres of English newspapers were compared statistically to show in what respect they are significantly different or similar. The obtained results indicate that both genres of each English newspapers bear more similarities than differences in terms of using the nominalization of ideational grammatical metaphor. In other words, while indicating genre differences between English newspapers, the study proves their functional similarities in using the material process types more than other process types to convey meaning.

Kata Kunci: Systemic Functional Linguistics, Ideational Grammatical Metaphor, Nominalization, Health and Political Texts