PEMBAHARUAN SANKSI PIDANA BERDASARKAN FALSAFAH PANCASILA DALAM SISTEM HUKUM PIDANA DI INDONESIA

JURNAL YUSTISIA, ISSN: 0852 - 0941

Kamis, 03 Mei 2018 12:54 | Sudah dibaca 501 kali

Since Indonesia's Law Number 1 of 1946 concerning Criminal Law (hereinafter referred to as the Criminal Code) applied, criminal law reformed to continue till now, both the modernity of the criminal law material, formally criminal law, and criminal law enforcement. The third part of the criminal law is part of the criminal law integratted to criminal law reform which must be involved to all three parts so they can be implemented. To achieve the objective of sentencing, Bill Criminal Code of 2012 also formulated a modernity of criminal code. types consist of three types. First, the principal of the criminal consisting of imprisonment, criminal cover, criminal surveillance, criminal fines, and criminal social work. Second, the criminal subject of a special nature, namely the death penalty. Third, the additional penalty which consists of the removal of certain rights, deprivation of certain goods and / or bill, the judge's verdict, payment of compensation, and the fulfillment of obligations of local customs or obligations under the laws of living in society. A appropriate theory and the theory improvement prevention of criminal penalties is an approach based on instrumental perspective. The punishment had been seen as an instrument to achieve certain objectives that lies beyond the punishment itself, namely the improvement of the perpetrator or the people protection. The nature and modalities of punishment must be tailored to the objectives which would be achieved. Thus, the imposition of punishment has no meaning in itself, but deriving their value from something else, namely from those objectives. The implication is that if the penalty is only seen as a means, basically can be replaced by other means which may be more efficient.

Kata Kunci: criminal code, concept, Pancasila