Abiotic Synthesis with the C-C Bond Formation in Ethanol from CO2 over (Cu,M)(O,S) Catalysts with M = Ni, Sn, and Co

Scientific Reports

Minggu, 13 Mei 2018 14:12 | Sudah dibaca 836 kali

We demonstrate copper-based (Cu,M)(O,S) oxysulfide catalysts with M = Ni, Sn, and Co for the abiotic chemical synthesis of ethanol (EtOH) with the C-C bond formation by passing carbon dioxide (CO2) through an aqueous dispersion bath at ambient environtment. (Cu,Ni)(O,S) with 12.1% anion vacancies had the best EtOH yield, followed by (Cu,Sn)(O,S) and (Cu,Co)(O,S). The ethanol yield with 0.2 g (Cu,Ni)(O,S) catalyst over a span of 20 h achieved 5.2 mg. The ethanol yield is inversely proportional to the amount of anion vacancy. The kinetic mechanism for converting the dissolved CO2 into the C2 oxygenate is proposed. Molecular interaction, pinning, and bond weakening with anion vacancy of highly strained catalyst, the electron hopping at Cu+/Cu2+ sites, and the reaction orientation of hydrocarbon intermediates are the three critical issues in order to make the ambient chemical conversion of inorganic CO2 to organic EtOH with the C-C bond fomationin water realized. On the other hand, Cu(O,S) with the highest amount of 22.7% anion vacancies did not produce ethanol due to its strain energy relaxation opposing to the pinning and weakening of O-H and C-O bonds.

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