MAKNA HIDUP PADA PASIEN GAGAL GINJAL KRONIK YANG MENJALANI HEMODIALISA (CUCI DARAH) DI KLINIK SPESIALIS GINJAL DAN HIPERTENSI “RASYIDA” MEDAN

Psikologi Prima, Volume 4 No. 2 Tahun 2013

Senin, 22 Juli 2013 16:09 | Sudah dibaca 875 kali

This study aims at determining the biological, psychological and psycho-social impact as well as meanings of life of patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis. The study was conducted by using phenomenological method in which data were collected through interview and observation. Data of the research were taken from five subjects and three informants. The research subjects were patients of chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis at “Rasyida” Clinic in Medan. The technique used for collecting subjects is snow-ball sampling technique. The research findings shows that biological impact experienced by chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis is the emergence of life style limitations in terms of eating and drinking patterns as well as necessary compatibility between the body temperature and the temperature in rooms. The psychological impact of chronic renal failure patients undergoing hemodialysis are of feeling less confident to be able to survive living his live, but as time goes along with the influence of the social environtment such as the family and the Clinic where subjects undergoing hemodialysis, though the rest of his life must undergo hemodialysis, patients with chronic renal failure still have a high life expectancy, high fighting spirit, and remain fully surrendered to God to enable him to have the meaning of life and improve life to be more meaningful. Patients with chronic renal failure who interpret his life that even though his life have to undergo hemodialysis, remain committed to fulfil his desire and implement targeted activities that match skills and potentials of each and utilization of inter-personal relationship to help achieve meaning of life and purpose of life.

Kata Kunci: Meanings of life, chronic renal failure, hemodialysis (dialysis), and henomenological approach